Reviews

Book Review of The Ethics of Touch

Massage Today
June 2003
by Larry Gray, Ph.D., LMT

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The Ethics of Touch is, to my knowledge, the best and most thorough book on ethics available for the touch therapist. Both authors have tremendous experience and resumes in the field of ethics, and Ben Benjamin has written numerous articles on the subject. He was also the initiator of (and, for four years, chaired) the AMTA Council of Schools Professional and Sexual Ethics Task Force.

The book is divided into nine chapters: Ethical Principle; Boundaries; Dynamics of Effective Communication; Dual Relationships; Sex, Touch and Intimacy; Ethical Practice Management; Business Ethics; Special Considerations in Cases of Trauma; and Supervision. In addition, there are three appendices: Forms, Specialized Protocols, and Codes of Ethics, in which the codes of ethics of various professional organizations, including AMTA and NCBTMB, have been reprinted.

Any discussion of ethics, either in the abstract or applied to a particular question, is sure to elicit a variety of opinions and judgements; it would be most unusual if the reader, myself included, did not find something with which to disagree. However, the discussion of ethical principles and the particulars of case studies is even-handed, nondogmatic, logical and ultimately persuasive, Furthermore, the whole tenor of the book is aimed not at simply stating rules and regulations, but at guiding readers to make ethical decisions for themselves. There are even some helpful surveys and exercises aimed at discovering and developing an ethical sense.

To be truly useful, any book on ethics must avoid two pitfalls: being too abstract and philosophical, which could allow the reader to agree with everything, but not know how to apply it to practical ethical decisions and behavior; and being a list of do's and don'ts without a firm intellectual set of principles on which the advice is based. The Ethics of Touch avoids both of these potential pitfalls. It is plenty abstract and full of principles and values, but it also is eminently practical, discussing such issues as dual relationships with lots of anecdotes and case histories.

I have only one quibble with the book. I believe scope of practice is a subject that is full of ethical questions, problems and dilemmas - yet its discussion is limited to seven pages as part of the chapter, Ethical Practice Management. The central dilemma of the massage therapist who has primary access, and yet is forbidden to diagnose, is not adequately addressed, but simply dismissed with the facile distinction between assessment and diagnosis. This isn't enough. Ultimately, massage therapists need to have guidance with the ethical problem of a client presenting without a doctor's diagnosis, but with signs and symptoms of some common soft-tissue injury that is, in fact, within the therapist's scope of practice. There is also the ethical dilemma of what to do when your local laws are at odds with standard practice or ethical principles. How laws are made are best not looked into too closely by the squeamish; we all know that various groups manage to get clauses into licensure laws for their own purposes (usually turf protection), and these clauses are hated, resented and often ignored. What is the ethical thing to do?

This "complaint" is not so much a serious criticism as evidence that The Ethics of Touch engaged me with its discussion and forced me to think about ethical questions. The bottom line is that this is a very good book both for an ethics course and for the individual touch therapist's library.

I highly recommend it.

Dr. Gray's Rating: 10 out of 10

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